The National Science Foundation (NSF) – Directorate for Engineering (ENG) in cooperation with the DARPA and National Institutes of Health (NIH) announces a workshop to explore the scientific and technological grand challenges, strategies, opportunities, and breakthrough ideas for innovation in Noninvasive imaging of brain function. The goal of the workshop is to identify research directions and opportunities that, if pursued, can initiate new developments in brain imaging instrumentation and technologies. The workshop will result in a comprehensive publishable document that will be widely distributed.